Bestselling Lab Microscope Equipment in 2020
OMAX 40X-2500X Lab Trinocular Compound LED Microscope with 9MP Digital Camera
AmScope 100X-1200X LED Kids Beginner Microscope Toy Set + Slides Preparation Kit
- AMSCOPE-KIDS Student Beginner Microscope With LED,100X/400X/1200X Magnification,Includes Accessory Set and Box-red
- Beginner compound microscope provides high magnification for educational applications,100X, 400x, and 1200x Magnification.
- Super educational toy includes everything necessary for a child to be introduced to science and get started dissecting specimens
- Monocular viewing head with LED,Comes with multi-piece accessory kit
- Requires 2AA batteries (not including)
Awarded 2018 Best Compound Microscope - OMAX 40X-2000X Lab LED Binocular Microscope with Double Layer Mechanical Stage w Blank Slides Covers and Lens Cleaning Paper
- Total magnification: 40X-80X-100X-200X-400X-800X-1000X-2000X; Eyepieces: wide field WF10X and WF20X; Objectives: achromatic DIN 4X, 10X, 40X(S), 100X(S, Oil); Viewing head: 45 degrees inclined 360 degrees swiveling binocular; Sliding adjustable interpupillary distance: 2-3/16inch ~ 2-15/16inch(55~75mm); Ocular diopter adjustable on both eyetubes
- Nosepiece: revolving quadruple; Stage: double layer X-Y mechanical stage with scales, size: 4-1/2inchx 4-15/16inch (115mm x 125mm), translation range: 2-13/16inch x 1-3/16inch (70mm x 30mm); Stage upward moving lock protects objectives and slides
- Condenser: NA1.25 Abbe condenser with iris diaphragm; Illumination: transmitted (lower) LED light, intensity adjustable; Focus: Coaxial coarse and fine knobs on both sides
- Full solid metal frame construction with stain resistant enamel finish; Power supply: AC/DC adapter, 7.5V/7.5W (UL approved) - Input: 100-240V; 100-piece blank glass slides with 100-piece cover slips and 50-sheet lens cleaning paper included
- 5-year warranty against manufacturing defects
AmScope 25pc Assorted Specimen Collection of Prepared Microscope Slides Glass Slide with Storage Case
- 25pc prepared slides of plants, insects and animal tissues
- Dimensions: 1" x 3" (25mm x 75mm)
- Sample name is marked on each slide.
- One wooden box for slide storage included
- Manufactured under ISO 9001 quality control standard
AmScope BS-72P-100S-22 72 Pieces of Pre-Cleaned Blank Microscope Slides and 100 Pieces of 22x22mm Square Coverslips Cover Glass
- This is a package of pre-cleaned 72 piece clear microscope blank slides and 100 piece 22mmx22mm square glass cover slips
- 72 piece pre-cleaned blank clear slides, dimensions of slides: 1" x 3" x 0.04" (25.4x76.2x1mm)
- 100 piece cover slips, dimensions of coverslips: 7/8 x 7/8 x 0.006" (22x22x0.13mm)
- Material: optical glass
- Ground edges
CB 7101S1 72-Pieces Blank Microscope Slides & 100-Pieces Square Cover Glass
- This is a package of pre-cleaned 72 piece microscope blank slides and 100 piece 22mmx22mm square cover slips
- Glass Blank Slides: 1" x 3" x 0.04" (25.4x76.2x1mm)
- Glass Cover Slips: 7/8 x 7/8 x 0.006" (18x18x0.13mm)
- Material: optical glass
- Finished with ground edge
Carson MicroBrite 20x-40x LED Lighted Pocket Microscope for Learning, Education and Exploring (MM-24, MM-24MU)
- Zoom Pocket Microscope with 20x-40x Power Magnification
- Compact and Lightweight | Included Accessories: Base and 2 Specimen Slides
- LED Lighted to ensure bright and clear subjects | Dimensions: 1.125'' x 3.875'' x 2.125 (W x H x D)
- Runs on 3 LR-44 Button Cell Batteries (Included) | Weight: 2.0 oz.
- Backed by Carson's One Year Limited Warranty | Perfect Beginner Portable Microscope for Learning and Exploration
AmScope M150C-I 40X-1000X All-Metal Optical Glass Lenses Cordless LED Student Biological Compound Microscope
- This is an ideal microscope for home school or for students in elementary to high school to learn sciences
- 360 degree rotatable monocular head offers five magnification settings 40X, 100X, 250X, 400X & 1000X
- Widefield all optical glass elements includes single lens condenser with disc diaphragm
- Sturdy all metal framework
- LED illumination system uses either an outlet (adapter included) or three AA batteries (or re-chargeable batteries). Camera and laptop not included
USB Microscope, Teslong Portable Multi-Function Soldering Magnifier Camera with 10-200 Magnification IP67 Waterproof for Android, Mac and Windows PC
Carson MicroBrite Plus 60x-120x Power LED Lighted Pocket Microscope (MM-300)
- 60x-120x Power Pocket Microscope
- LED Lighted with Aspheric Internal Lens System
- Compact, Lightweight and Portable Design
- Uses 1 AA Battery (not included) | Not Recommended To Be Used In Conjunction With Eyeglasses
- Product Dimensions (LxWxH): 1.2 inch x 2.25 inch x 3.5 inch | Backed by Carson's Limited Lifetime Warranty
The Microscopy of Schizophrenia
Many positive findings have been reported in schizophrenia. I have formulated a theory of amino acids flooding the cells.
Uranova reported "pathologic changes". She found "pronounced swelling" of the dendrites. She found "mitochondria swollen". These findings were in the "prefrontal cortex". These findings are also consistent with amino acids flooding the cells. The mitochondria take up amino acids.
Hirata-Hibi amp; Hayashi (1993)
These Japanese workers found "the P lymphocyte", which is "a stimulated atypical lymphocyte that is found in schizophrenics". The cytoplasm often contains vacuoles. Since vacuoles are usually food or fat, this is consistent with the amino acid theory. Some amino acids could be converted to fat.
Oifa amp; Uranova (1991)
These Russian workers found "foci of neuronal loss" and "swollen dendrites".
Oifa amp; Kleshchnov (1985) stressed rats and reported "acute neuronal swelling". There was "complete dissociation of polysomes, swelling of some cisterns of the endoplasmic reticulum and perinuclear space, and destruction of the mitochondria".
Mazzarello et al (2004)
These Italian workers found "a cytoplasm rich in free ribosomes and polysomes" in the lymphocytes of schizophrenics.
Kokai et al (1998)
These Japanese workers also reported atypical lymphocytes in schizophrenia. They found "blast-type atypical lymphocytes" in schizophrenia. These were "stimulated or activated cells". These cells were large.
Orlovskaia et al (1975)
These workers reported "damages of membranes, mitochondrias, and accumulation of granular material in the cytoplasm". This could be explained by a toxic factor that attacks the cell memranes. Such a factor might have some fat solubility because the membranes are made of fat. The granular material could be glycogen.
Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Schizophrenia
Several reports have appeared in the professional literature implicating mitochondrial dysfunction as causing schizophrenia. In March 2001 a report appeared in Schizophrenia Research by Maurer et al of Germany. This paper reported "evidence for a mitochondrial oxidative defect in brains of patients with schizophrenia".
Maurer et al (2001)
This report claims "an impairment of energy metabolism in brains of patients with schizophrenia". "Decreased oxidative metabolism has been consistently documented in the frontal lobes." Measurements by the German group "confirm a defect of oxidative phosphorylation in brains from patients with schizophrenia, which may contribute to impaired energy generation". Post-mortem brain specimens were used. The maximum reductions were in the frontal cortex, the temporal cortex, and the basal ganglia. There was no reduction in the cerebellum.
This report came from Israel. Ben-Shachar recommended ""novel treatment approaches". The author suspected "linkage to dopamine". The author claimed "altered cerebral energy metabolism".
Uranova and Aganova (1989)
This report related the results of microscopic analysis of autopsy specimens. They reported deformation and reduction in the number of mitochondria. Similar results were reported by Kung and Roberts (1999). Kolomeet and Uranova (1999) reported similar findings.
Prabakaran et al (2004)
This report appeared in Molecular Psychiatry. The University of Cambridge group in England reported "mitochondrial dysfunction in schizophrenia". They used techniques called transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics. They reported "confounding drug effects could be ruled out".
"Altered proteins" were reported by the British group. They suggested "compromised brain metabolism". This is certainly food for thought. What to do in the way of treament is not yet clear, unfortunately.
Advances in Neuropsychiatry
There are a number ot textbooks on neuropsychiatry, including Yudofsky amp; Hales. The fourth edition of this brilliant book came out in 2002. Although the editors are Yudofsky amp; Hales, many different authors are used in the various chapters of this comprehensive text. The down side of the book is that there is no mention of orthomolecular treatment.
Tamminga et al (1992)
This brilliant group did PET studies of brain glucose metabolism. Young, drug-free, "floridly psychotic individuals" were studied. They found reduced metabolism in limbic structures in schizophrenia. This appears to strongly support the work of Heath of New Orleans, who reported depth EEG abnormalities in limbic structures. These abnormalities were caused by an unknown toxic factor in the blood which he called "taraxein".
Liebowitz etal (1985) reported that lactate infusions caused panic attacks in patients with panic disorder. This brilliant study may be very important because it could mean that there is an error in lactate metabolism in these patients. In other words, the patients may have already high lactate in their brains. The additional lactate from the infusion sets off the panic attack.
In 2003 the two volume set called "Psychiatry" was edited by Tasman, Kay, and Lieberman. This book, like the Yudofsky amp; Hales book, has chapters by many authors. It traces psychiatry back to the days of Esquirol (1838). Esquirol was a French psychiatrist and author.
It appears that an unknown toxic factor in the blood causes a flooding of the cells with amino acids. This factor may be a stress chemical. A low protein diet is suggested.
Drugs have been used. Unfortunately some drugs can cause birth defects. Other harmful side effects are also seen. Hippocrates wrote, "Do no harm."
Also it is probably a good idea to avoid stress. Stress may play a role in the etiology of schizophrenia.
Many of my references came from the website Pubmed. For further information, either consult Pubmed or the following bibliography: